Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks

Question #1
Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank, a list of choice will appear. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

We are all a part of the solar system and are living on the planet Earth. There are many theories behind the birth of our planet and the formation of solar system as well as the outer space. Few such theories are big bang theory, dirt cloud theory and string theory. One of the most advanced and studied theories of our inception is the string theory. String theory comes under the branch of theoretical physics. Also, it is said to be the subset or under the category of Quantum Gravity. In this theory, every particle is considered as a string instead of a particle.

The difference between a string and a particle lies in the fact that a string has charge, mass and all the other tangible and intangible quantities as well as qualities of physical properties; however, they solely depend on the vibrational state of the string. Therefore, all the dimensions and the properties are and vary rapidly based on the vibrations.

It is often said that this theory addresses and also answers many deep as well as fundamental questions of physics. However, it is mainly a theoretical framework without a lot of or tangible evidence as of now. Also, the fundamental objects of the string theory are its strings which are again classified as two types. The first type is the open strings and the second are the closed ones. Even the M-theory which was by Stephen Hawking uses string theory for an incredible amount of scientific accountability and reference. Ergo, the theory and its findings are held in deep reverence despite being only theoretical.

Correct Answer

We are all a part of the solar system and are living on the planet Earth. There are many theories behind the birth of our planet and the formation of solar system as well as the outer space. Few such theories are big bang theory, dirt cloud theory and string theory. One of the most advanced and studied theories of our inception is the string theory. String theory comes under the branch of theoretical physics. Also, it is said to be the subset or under the category of Quantum Gravity. In this theory, every particle is considered as a string instead of a particle.

The difference between a string and a particle lies in the fact that a string has charge, mass and all the other tangible and intangible quantities as well as qualities of physical properties; however, they solely depend on the vibrational state of the string. Therefore, all the dimensions and the properties are and vary rapidly based on the vibrations.

It is often said that this theory addresses and also answers many deep as well as fundamental questions of physics. However, it is mainly a theoretical framework without a lot of or tangible evidence as of now. Also, the fundamental objects of the string theory are its strings which are again classified as two types. The first type is the open strings and the second are the closed ones. Even the M-theory which was by Stephen Hawking uses string theory for an incredible amount of scientific accountability and reference. Ergo, the theory and its findings are held in deep reverence despite being only theoretical.

Question #2
Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank, a list of choice will appear. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

All the vehicles that are being driven on the road need fuel in order to function. In our world, there are two fuels that are used to run vehicles; one is petrol and the other one is diesel, with the former one being more widespread and commonly used. In countries like USA, diesel engines are whereas in India, it isn’t rare to find cars which run on diesel.

There are quite a lot of differences between petrol and diesel engines. We all might have wondered at a point of time about why some vehicles run on petrol while others run on diesel. The answer isn’t a simple one, simple to understand. There are many differences between the engines of both the fuel types. The main difference is the fact that petrol is volatile than diesel, meaning that it burns easily whereas diesel is less volatile. Based on these differences, we can understand how and why the engines are designed the way they are.

The petrol engines use spark plugs to the fuel whereas the diesel engines use fuel injectors. The air compression needs to be done in the case of diesel engine whereas the petrol engines start by mixing air and petrol to form a combustible mixture. As the diesel engines make use of air compressors, the compression ratio in diesel engines is larger and thereby results in higher power generation than the petrol engines. The diesel engines are also heavier in mass and are expensive to maintain when compared to their petrol counterparts. Though diesel is less volatile and burns slower than petrol, it still releases greater volume of emissions when compared to diesel. Therefore, by keeping all these observations in mind, it is that the usage of petrol vehicles is environmental friendly when compared to diesel engines.

Correct Answer

All the vehicles that are being driven on the road need fuel in order to function. In our world, there are two fuels that are used to run vehicles; one is petrol and the other one is diesel, with the former one being more widespread and commonly used. In countries like USA, diesel engines are whereas in India, it isn’t rare to find cars which run on diesel.

There are quite a lot of differences between petrol and diesel engines. We all might have wondered at a point of time about why some vehicles run on petrol while others run on diesel. The answer isn’t a simple one, simple to understand. There are many differences between the engines of both the fuel types. The main difference is the fact that petrol is volatile than diesel, meaning that it burns easily whereas diesel is less volatile. Based on these differences, we can understand how and why the engines are designed the way they are.

The petrol engines use spark plugs to the fuel whereas the diesel engines use fuel injectors. The air compression needs to be done in the case of diesel engine whereas the petrol engines start by mixing air and petrol to form a combustible mixture. As the diesel engines make use of air compressors, the compression ratio in diesel engines is larger and thereby results in higher power generation than the petrol engines. The diesel engines are also heavier in mass and are expensive to maintain when compared to their petrol counterparts. Though diesel is less volatile and burns slower than petrol, it still releases greater volume of emissions when compared to diesel. Therefore, by keeping all these observations in mind, it is that the usage of petrol vehicles is environmental friendly when compared to diesel engines.

Question #3
Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank, a list of choice will appear. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

We all have used applications and websites like Twitch.tv, Reddit, Airbnb, and Coinbase, Stripe etc. at some or the other point of in our lives. The incubator and the seed accelerator for all these was Y Combinator.

Y Combinator was founded by Paul Graham, Jessica Livingston, Trevor and John Morris. The of this seed accelerator and incubator is to “Make something people want.” Every year, Y Combinator selects two companies and provides them with an amount of funding, office space, networks and connections in the industry for 7% equity in these companies. And by far, Y Combinator has been one of the world’s and successful accelerators ever. According to a recent survey, it was found out that Y Combinator has successfully incubated and accelerated about 1450 companies till date.

As of now, the founder of Y Combinator has passed on the role of chairman and lead of operations to Sam Altman. The Y Combinator has started several other programs all around the globe and has into eleven new countries in the year of 2016. They also have programs like YC Fellowship and YC Research.

Correct Answer

We all have used applications and websites like Twitch.tv, Reddit, Airbnb, and Coinbase, Stripe etc. at some or the other point of in our lives. The incubator and the seed accelerator for all these was Y Combinator.

Y Combinator was founded by Paul Graham, Jessica Livingston, Trevor and John Morris. The of this seed accelerator and incubator is to “Make something people want.” Every year, Y Combinator selects two companies and provides them with an amount of funding, office space, networks and connections in the industry for 7% equity in these companies. And by far, Y Combinator has been one of the world’s and successful accelerators ever. According to a recent survey, it was found out that Y Combinator has successfully incubated and accelerated about 1450 companies till date.

As of now, the founder of Y Combinator has passed on the role of chairman and lead of operations to Sam Altman. The Y Combinator has started several other programs all around the globe and has into eleven new countries in the year of 2016. They also have programs like YC Fellowship and YC Research.

Question #4
Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank, a list of choice will appear. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

With the advent of the techie digital cameras, people have forgotten the 35 mm reel cameras. Though we are all used to the digital cameras in the present times, the 35mm reel cameras are no less and can still give a tough competition to the digital cameras.

The resolution, sensor, aperture and the image quality are few of the most important aspects of a camera that its performance. Let us now look at the performance of digital camera versus the 35mm one in those above mentioned aspects. When it comes to resolution, the difference between the digital and the 35mm is almost ,however, the digital camera have an edge over the 35mm ones. When it comes to the sensor, or the light sensors, the light sensors in the digital cameras are smaller than the ones in 35mm cameras. Therefore, the amount of light captured by digital cameras is lesser than the amount captured by the 35mm ones. Therefore, we need to use a aperture lens when it comes to a digital camera to match the same amount of light captured through a 35mm reel camera. Therefore, the 35mm cameras score higher than the digital ones in the aspects of aperture and the amount of light by the lens.

When it comes to the image quality, we cannot really judge both the cameras, as each of them have their own contexts to be used, we can surely say that even the low digital camera shot pictures look great when seen on a digital screen which isn’t the same when it comes to the 35mm cameras.

Correct Answer

With the advent of the techie digital cameras, people have forgotten the 35 mm reel cameras. Though we are all used to the digital cameras in the present times, the 35mm reel cameras are no less and can still give a tough competition to the digital cameras.

The resolution, sensor, aperture and the image quality are few of the most important aspects of a camera that its performance. Let us now look at the performance of digital camera versus the 35mm one in those above mentioned aspects. When it comes to resolution, the difference between the digital and the 35mm is almost ,however, the digital camera have an edge over the 35mm ones. When it comes to the sensor, or the light sensors, the light sensors in the digital cameras are smaller than the ones in 35mm cameras. Therefore, the amount of light captured by digital cameras is lesser than the amount captured by the 35mm ones. Therefore, we need to use a aperture lens when it comes to a digital camera to match the same amount of light captured through a 35mm reel camera. Therefore, the 35mm cameras score higher than the digital ones in the aspects of aperture and the amount of light by the lens.

When it comes to the image quality, we cannot really judge both the cameras, as each of them have their own contexts to be used, we can surely say that even the low digital camera shot pictures look great when seen on a digital screen which isn’t the same when it comes to the 35mm cameras.

Question #5
Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank, a list of choice will appear. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

We often problems and difficulties on a daily basis. In such instances, finding out the root cause of the problem or the difficulty is almost always the key to eliminating and solving the problem or difficulty. There are many techniques out there that are used to solve problems.

One such technique is an iterative interrogative technique called the technique of 5 Whys. By using this technique, we can find the cause of a problem. The working of this technique or the application is quite simple. Once we know what the problem or difficulty is, we should be asking 5 questions in the form of why in order to arrive at a root cause of the problem.

This technique was first invented and used by Sakichi Toyodo in the Toyota Company. He used this technique in order to technical issues and difficulties while manufacturing vehicles in the factory on the assembly line. This technique is mainly used to a cause and effect relationship between a problem and its root cause. Also, in this technique, the number 5 was obtained after anecdotal observation for the number of iterations required to resolve any problem or an issue. Also, every problem doesn’t always have a single root cause and we cannot almost always it down to a single root cause.

Nevertheless, this technique of 5 Whys has been applicable in many fields like Machine learning, Kaizen and Six Sigma.

Correct Answer

We often problems and difficulties on a daily basis. In such instances, finding out the root cause of the problem or the difficulty is almost always the key to eliminating and solving the problem or difficulty. There are many techniques out there that are used to solve problems.

One such technique is an iterative interrogative technique called the technique of 5 Whys. By using this technique, we can find the cause of a problem. The working of this technique or the application is quite simple. Once we know what the problem or difficulty is, we should be asking 5 questions in the form of why in order to arrive at a root cause of the problem.

This technique was first invented and used by Sakichi Toyodo in the Toyota Company. He used this technique in order to technical issues and difficulties while manufacturing vehicles in the factory on the assembly line. This technique is mainly used to a cause and effect relationship between a problem and its root cause. Also, in this technique, the number 5 was obtained after anecdotal observation for the number of iterations required to resolve any problem or an issue. Also, every problem doesn’t always have a single root cause and we cannot almost always it down to a single root cause.

Nevertheless, this technique of 5 Whys has been applicable in many fields like Machine learning, Kaizen and Six Sigma.